The University of Naples Federico II was established in 1224 through an Imperial Charter of Frederick II Hohenstaufen, King of Sicily and Holy Roman Emperor. It was the first publicly funded university in Europe.
Nowadays the university offers courses in essentially all academic disciplines, leading to 1550 five graduate level degrees. Research facilities provide support to all these courses. Students are given the opportunity to pursue intellectual development as well as the acquisition of professional skills. Current student enrollment nears 97,000 and the academic personnel, at this time, is 3,121.
The university is made up of three divisions (Poli), which operate as semi independent bodies for the teaching and research management of thirteen schools and 82 departments grouped, within each division, according to academic and research profiles. Thus, the Division of Science and Technology includes: the School of Sciences (which, in turn, includes the Schools of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences), the School of Engineering, and the School of Architecture. The Division of Life Sciences includes: the School of Medicine and Surgery, the School of Pharmacy, the School of Veterinary Medicine, the School of Agricultural Sciences and the recently established School of Biotechnological Sciences. The Division of Social and Human Sciences includes: the School of Economics, The School of Law, the School of Liberal Arts, the School of Political Sciences and the School of Sociology. Many more organisations also form part of the Federico II University. These include a cluster of fourteen highly specialised Museums, covering a wide range of fields, and two botanical gardens hosting unique species.